Lac and lahathee of Bihar

  Washing Lacs 
 











The lac
industry was one of the most ancient of the minor industries of India. Lac is a resinous incrustation produced. by insects known as Tachardia Lacctt, which swarm over the twigs of cer- tain trees, suck up the sap, and give out an excretion which solidifies on contact with the air, and a scale is gradually formed round their bodies.

This process continued until the twigs were encased by the incrustation. In this form it was collected by the villagers and sold in the local country markets as "sticklac," from which the product known
 as " shellac "was made.


Grinding Lacs
 
In old good days, in Bihar,The manufacture of shellac was largely in the hands of the 
rural people
and their methods were primitive and practically the same as they were hundreds
of years ago. The principal manufactures in which shellac was used were lahatees varnishes,
 hats, electrical appliances, and gramophone records .

The lac- bangle Lahthee, was most  commonly used ornament in those days. The lac- bangle-maker
 was called laheri or lahera. He used a block of wood with a handle, on which the bangles were
 fitted, which Is called kund; a sancha, which was a brass mould for embossing ornaments ;
and a chubhki , which was an ivory mould for embossing. His bamboo pipe for blowing the fire
was called Nari also phukathi or lari..


Bibliography-
  • The History, Antiquities, Topography, and Statistics of Eastern India: Behar (1838) By Robert Montgomery Martin Publisher W.H. Allen and Co.,London.
  • BIHAR PEASANT LIFE,A DISCURSIVE CATALOGUE (1885) GEORGE A. GRIERSON, TRUBNEE & Co., 57& 59, LUDGATE HILL,LONDON

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