Early Agro based Industries

The rich resources of fertile Land, water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign entrepreneurs,specially the Dutch and Britishers in eighteenth century.

A number of Agriculture based industries had been started in Bihar by the foreign  entrepreneurs, all over the province...

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  • Opium factories of Bihar(click)

Patna was the main locality in Bihar for the cultivation of the Poppy. Its cultivation, aswell as the manufacture, and the traffic in Opium, were subject to the East India Company. The first opium factories were established by the dutch in early eighteenth centuries. On lOth of July 1781, the Dutch Factory at Patna was seized ........



In the year 1792, sugar rose by degrees to an enormous price in Great Britain.  Lieutenant J. Paterson, of the Bengal establishment, reported that sugar could be cultivated in Bihar with many superior advantages, and at less expense than in the West Indies.As a result, a no. of sugar factories were established in Bihar. ........
  • Indigo Plantation in Bihar(Click)

  • The first record of indigo being grown by Europeans in Bihar is dated about 1778.by Noel & Co.The first European factories to be built was in Kanti in  Muzaffarpur. Gandhiji visited Champaran in 1917 and opposed the tinkathiya system ....



The Bengal Preserving company was the first cannery in India, which was started in Muzaffarpur in the first years of the 20th century by A.B. Sircar after he returned following the training in the 
USA.The varieties of fruits grown in the district of Muzaff'arpur were processed and canned there....
     

  •  Hand made Paper of Bihar(Click)

  • In beginning of the nineteenth century, a considerable quantity of paper was being made at Bihar Sharif and Arwal. At Arwal ,20 families kept an equal number of beaters (dhengkis)and the produce of these was sold as Arwal paper and was commonly used by Persian writers all over Bengal...


  • Early RIice Mills of Bihar(Click)
  • In Eighteenth and Nineteenth centuries the BASMATl, OR PERFUMED RICE of Patna; was very famous.A mill had been erected at Bhairoganj by Marshall, Sons & Co.The rice-mill at Lauriya was near to the railway station at Chanpatia. The machinery, drivenby an engine of 56 h.p.,comprised three hullcrs, one sheller, elevators and fans...


  • Primitive Lac and Lahatee industry(Click)
  • In old good days, in Bihar,The manufacture of shellac was largely in the hands of the rural people and their methods were primitive and practically the same as they were hundreds of years ago. The main manufactures in which shellac was used were lahatees varnishes,hats, electrical appliances, and gramophone records.....