Indonesia and South Africa Launches Stamps Sheikh Yusuf

posted 3 Nov 2011, 14:52 by Aljaamiah Academy Administration
Cape Town - Marking 300 time spent relations between Indonesia and South Africa, two countries make joint stamps. One of the stamps, launched the figure Sheikh Yusuf Al-Al-Banteni Makassari, that is known as a national hero by Indonesia and also by the South African Government.

Consul General for Social and Cultural Rights, the Consulate General in Cape Town, South Africa, Erry Kananga says, significant themes raised within the launch for the stamps it, namely the Three Centuries of Relations Among the city of Indonesia and South Africa.

"There are five stamps issued by each and every country, and stamps Sheikh Yusuf is 1 consultants," said Erry Kananga from Cape Town, Wednesday (10/19/2011).

Shaykh Yusuf is an essential figure for both parties since with the role inside the spread of Islam in South Africa. The good scholar with the kingdom of Gowa, South Sulawesi was exiled Dutch to the Cape of Superior Hope (Cape Town) on 16th-century ago and then became the first spreaders of Islam in South Africa.

The launch within the stamp was officially created ??Ambassador to South Africa, Sjahril Sabaruddin whilst the South African side was represented by Deputy Minister of Communications Kopeng Obed Bapela. The inauguration marked the unveiling of stamps jointly by each parties, at the Crystal Tower Hotel & Spa, Cape Town on Saturday (15/10).

Every country publishes 5 stamp designs. Indonesia issued a design Sheikh Yusuf; Museum of Balla Lompoa South Sulawesi, South Sulawesi Pakarena from, Tilanga and Sandals Geulis together with musical instruments Tifa from Papua. While South Africa Sheikh Yusuf issued a postage stamp; Bo-Kaap Museum; Ghoema drums; Bo-Kaap art; Cape Minstrel group.

The launch of this joint stamp this was attended by a few officials of each governments, comprising the Consul General in Cape Town, Sugie Harijadi it too as officials from South Africa Post Office (Sapo) and officials of PT Pos Indonesia.

300 Years: Historic link between South Africa and Indonesia

Text by Louise van Niekerk
South Africa and Indonesia have only enjoyed formal diplomatic ties since August 1994, but the link between the two countries stretches back close to three hundred years. To celebrate this cultural link, the South African Post Office and the Postal Authority of Indonesian have joined hands for a joint stamp issue. The stamps will launched on 15 October at the National Stamp Show in Cape Town

The colonisation of Africa and Asia by European powers from the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries led to the enslavement of millions of Afro-Asian peoples, and an international slave trade. This slave trade led to the migration of large numbers of Asian and African people to different parts of the world.

It was one such stream of people, most of whom were political exiles or prisoners who had opposed the colonisation of their countries that came to the Cape of Good Hope. The first such migrants began to arrive towards the end of the seventeenth century, mainly from colonies occupied by the Dutch and the British.

Cape of Good Hope
The large majority of these migrants that came to the Cape of Good Hope were Muslims, who were captured and sent into exile from colonies such as the Dutch East Indies (now known as Indonesia), Ceylon and Madagascar.

The origins of this migration can be traced to the early sixteenth century when, at the end of Indonesia’s Majapahit Kingdom, European military penetration and anti-Islamic persecution caused resistance. The Dutch crushed that resistance and exiled many opponents to the Cape of Good Hope in southern Africa, which was also occupied by the Dutch.

The first Dutch settlers in the Cape of Good Hope arrived in 1652, when Jan van Riebeeck came to the Cape to establish a trading post and supply fort in the Cape of Good Hope. The Cape thus became a regular stopover for trading vessels plying the Europe-East Indies route. The Dutch required labour and utilised the opportunity to import political exiles from the East Indies as slaves. Many of these people were skilled artisans, such as silversmiths, masons, milliners, cobblers, singers and tailors. They came to be known collectively as Cape Malay.

Sheikh Yusuf
A prominent figure among the Cape Malay who resisted the Dutch occupation of the East Indies, and is hailed as a hero in modern day Indonesia, was Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar. He is credited with having brought Islam to South Africa. Sheikh Yusuf (or Sheikh Yusuf al-taj alKhalwatial-Maqasari, as he is known in religious circles) was born in 1626 in Goa on the island of Celebes (today known as Sulawesi), the son of Makassarese nobility, and the nephew of King Bissu of Gowa.

Sheikh Yusuf spent several years studying Arabic and traditional religious sciences in Mecca, and eventually returned to Banten, West Java, where he taught the Islamic doctrine of “Khalwatiyyah”, which he had learned during his years spent in Mecca.

He eventually sided with Sultan Ageng in his fight against attempts by the Dutch to gain complete control of the Sultanates in the East Indies. Sheikh Yusuf was captured in 1683, and exiled to Ceylon and eventually the Cape of Good Hope, where he arrived aboard the ship “de Voetboeg” in 1694.

After arriving in the Cape, Sheikh Yusuf and his family and followers were sent to Zandvliet farm just outside Cape Town, to prevent his influence on the Islamic slave population. The Dutch attempts to isolate them failed, and Zandvliet became a rallying point for slaves, and other exiles from the East. Today, this farm area is known as Macassar. As Sheikh Yusuf’s influence and spiritual teachings spread, the elementary structures of one of the first Muslim communities in the country were established.

Sheikh Yusuf died on 23 May 1699, and was buried on a hill overlooking Macassar. Today, a tomb constructed there is among the 25 Islamic shrines or kramat that encircle Cape Town. In 1705, Sheikh Yusuf’s remains were brought to Makassar (Ujung Pandang of today), and interred in a tomb located in Katangka Village, bordering on the Gowa regency.

Ambassador Kubheka
Ambassador Kubheka paid a historic visit to the tomb while on an official visit to South Sulawesi in March 1997, to pay his respects to the memory of Sheikh Yusuf, and the cultural link between South Africa and Indonesia, which he helped to found.

Today in the city of Cape Town, remnants of this culture are to be found as a thriving Cape Malay community lends character to the mother city of South Africa. Cape Malay architecture, food, tailor shops, mosques and the warmth and hospitality of the Malay people continue to attract tourists in abundance. Indonesians and Malaysians are visiting Cape Town in increasing numbers to experience this cultural link for themselves.

The five South African stamps
Annemarie Wessels was responsible for the artwork of four of the five South African stamps.
  • The artwork for the first stamp featuring a portrait of Sheikh Yusuf, was supplied by Postal Authority of Indonesia.
  • The rest of the stamps feature:
    • Bo-Kaap Museum – a 1760s period house that belonged to Abu Bakr Effendi who published one of the first books in Afrikaans
    • Ghoema drum played by Klopse dressed in their New Year’s clothes
    • A toerang hat and kaparang sandals
    • A ghoema drum maker.