Лоуэлл, Джеймс Рассел

Джеймс Рассел Лоуэлл

 (англ. James Russell Lowell (February 22, 1819 – August 12, 1891)) was an American Romantic poet, critic, editor, and diplomat. He is associated with the Fireside Poets, a group of New England writers who were among the first American poets who rivaled the popularity of British poets. These poets usually used conventional forms and meters in their poetry, making them suitable for families entertaining at their fireside. Lowell graduated from Harvard College in 1838, despite his reputation as a troublemaker, and went on to earn a law degree from Harvard Law School. He published his first collection of poetry in 1841 and married Maria White in 1844. He and his wife had several children, though only one survived past childhood. The couple soon become involved in the slavery abolition movement, with Lowell using poetry to express his anti-slavery views and taking a job in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as the editor of an abolitionist newspaper. After moving back to Cambridge, Lowell was one of the founders of a journal called The Pioneer, which lasted only three issues. He gained notoriety in 1848 with the publication of A Fable for Critics, a book-length poem satirizing contemporary critics and poets. The same year, he published The Biglow Papers, which increased his fame. He would publish several other poetry collections and essay collections throughout his literary career.

Цитаты и aфоризмы

Давайте сохранять бодрость, помня о том, что несчастья, которые мы не в силах перенести, никогда нас не постигнут.

Демократия - такая форма правления, при которой каждый человек получает право стать своим собственным угнетателем.

Разумный скептицизм - первейшее свойство хорошего критика.

Способность к негодованию составляет важнейшую часть вооружения всякого честного человека.

Талант - дар, над которым властвует человек; гений - дар, властвующий над самим человеком.

Тирания - всегда признак слабости.

Только глупцы и покойники никогда не меняют своих мнений.

Уединение cтоль же необходимо для воображения, сколь общество людей благотворно для характера.

Человек, отдавший жизнь за свои убеждения, совершил для человечества больше, чем исследователь, открывший новый металл или давший название новому газу.

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