Free Energy Amplifier

Some Background

This project began when i discovered Greenleaf Whittier Pickard (born Feb. 14, 1877, in Portland, Maine) Packard was working on crystal radios - more specifically he worked on improving the volume so  loudspeaker could be attached rather than just a set of head phones and this is what he came up with.

He placed a soft iron reed B mounted on a support H via a piece of spring steel G, put it inside the coil A instead of a traditionally rigid core and found that the reed vibrated with the magnetic fluctuations.

The next thing he did was most interesting. He placed a permanent magnet around the device in such a fashion that the iron reed moved between the jaws of a permanent horseshoe magnet. To make the effect more pronounced he added pole shoes to the magnet to concentrate the field in the vicinity of the iron reed. He then added a connecting rod and a paper membrane to the device.

The signal was amplified many times, to the point where it could drive a 7 inch paper cone and make the signal audible way beyond what a headset could produce, without additional input of energy. The trouble with this device was its poor performance acoustically. If the signal got too strong the soft iron reed hit the permanent magnet and got stuck there for an instant before the signal dropped to a point where it let loose again. This meant that the device could only be run at low volume.

The next development was instead of placing the electromagnet and its sphere of influence inside the horseshoe magnet he put it outside. Though still within the field of influence of the horseshoe magnet, the soft iron reed was now free to move outside the limits of the pole shoes. This allowed for much bigger amplitude. The result was much increased volume.

Leaving its poor acoustic performance aside, I think we are looking here at a genuine amplification phenomenon. Energy is entering from somewhere.

This is specifically for driving a loudspeaker. But lets look at the basics of the device.

It is essentially a solenoid. If we remove G,H,C and D we get this

Now we put this under the influence of a permanent magnetic field as Pickard and Wesley Gary did. The next step was made by Gotoluc. Instead of having a North south configuration to the magnets we have a South South (or North north - it's the same thing) we get this

This page is all about the investigations into this set up.

A Few Basic Circuits

    A DPDT Relay as a Polarity Switch

A double pole double throw (DPDT) relay can be wired quite easily so that the positive and negative are switched over as the relay opens and closes.

The positive goes one set of contacts and the negative to the other. One normally closed (N/C) connection from one set of contacts connects to the normally open (N/O) contact from the other set of contacts and vice versa. Be careful to connect a normally closed to a normally open or you will short the battery.

Some of My Work

Power Amplifier 1

Power Amplifier 2

Some Work By Others