English as a Second Language

English as a Second Language at TRHS

Information about ESL Classes
ESL English and ESL History are designed for ESL students who qualify for assistance in learning English as determined by state testing.  ESL students do not speak English as their first language, and often have attended school in another country.  The goal of these classes is to give the student both content and English language understanding.  They are taught at grade-level with modified teaching strategies to make the language and content accessible to second-language students. Students will receive English and Social Studies credit for both classes.  The length of time a student spends in an ESL class is determined by a body of evidence compromised of testing, student work and teacher feedback. 


DO
*sit ESL students in the front of the class.
*introduce yourself and offer your help.  Many ESL students do not realize it is okay to ask their teachers for extra help. 
*pair them with another ESL student if two or more are in your class, or pair them with a competent, patient English speaker.
*explain the procedures and policies of the classroom.  These are not the same in other countries, let alone room to room! 
*enforce a culture of respect in your classroom so that all students feel free to speak---ESL students may be hesitant because of accents or uncertainty of how to say something.
*use visuals all the time!  This will help all students.  Write down directions, homework and notes.
*modify your speech.  Check for understanding by asking the ESL student what they know and what they do not.  If they are asked, "Do you understand?", you will receive a polite smile and a nod of the head.

Keep in Mind

*many ESL students are here without family or only partial families.
*it takes 2 to 3 years to learn social language and 5 to 7 to learn academic language.
*most ESL students do not know cursive.  If it is used in the classroom, they may need a "key."
*most ESL students are used to 2pm being 14:00. 
*calling a teacher "Ms." or "Mr." is not disrespectful, rather, most ESL students are taught that using a teacher's first name is putting themselves on the same level as the teacher, and is therefore disrespectful. 
*body language, personal space and eye contact vary from culture to culture.
*background knowledge is everything!  For example, ESL students just arriving do not know about the Civil War, Constitution, Patrick Henry or Abraham Lincoln.
*Games, songs, jokes and "common" understandings are cultural.  For example, ESL students have no idea what an "ice breaker" is and are not familiar with "name games" and "get to know you." 

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pmbusey@dcsdk12.org,
May 7, 2012, 7:38 AM
Ċ
pmbusey@dcsdk12.org,
May 7, 2012, 7:38 AM
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