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Learning Theory

The Constructivist Theory

The Constructivist theory details a learning process that is based on the understanding between real life experiences and knowledge. Learning is an active process in this theory in which the student or learner uses their sensory input in an activity and constructs a meaning based on the experience and outcome. The Sonoran Desert website provides an excellent pathway to the constructivist learning module. Students may explore the content pages, and learn more about the creatures that they may be familiar with or have seen before. The website provides the opportunity to learn more about what the creature may eat, where it lives, how it reproduces and fun facts that the student can now relate to their own experiences.


Multiple Intelligences

The Multiple Intelligence theory, as proposed by Howard Gardner, suggests that intelligence simply cannot be limited and confined to a traditional definition. This theory highlights different kinds of intellectual strengths and how it relates to learning and the processing of information. There are currently 9 intelligences that are recognized and can be incorporated into the teaching of lessons and activities. On this website, you will find that many of the content pages infuse the different methods, making the content easily assessable and relatable for students that possess different multiple intelligence.

Visual-Spatial Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence are good visualizing things. They are good putting puzzles together, enjoys reading writing, drawing and recognizes patterns easily.

Linguistic-Verbal Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence are able to use words well. They have a keen memory when recalling written and spoken information and are typically very good at writing stories, speeches or debating.

Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence are good at recognizing and analyzing problems and tend to think about numbers and patterns. They have excellent problem solving skills and like being involved in scientific experiments.

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence are known for body movement, physical control and have excellent hand-eye coordination. They enjoy participating in sports and creating things with their hands.

Musical Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence excel in identifying patterns, rhythms, and appreciates music composition and performance. They enjoy singing, and performing musical instruments.

Interpersonal Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence are “people” people. They understand and relate to others well. They have strong, verbal communication skills as well as skilled nonverbal communicators.

Intrapersonal Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence enjoy self-reflection and analysis. They are aware of their own feelings, strengths and goals as well as analyzing theories and ideas.

Naturalistic Intelligence: Students who are strong in this intelligence are in tune with nature and exploring relationships in a nurturing sense.


Bloom's Taxonomy

Explanation of Term

On the Website

Knowledge The learner must recall information. The students will review information and recall facts.
Comprehension The learner understands what is being communicated by so that he could explain it to someone The students will complete the activities to be able to understand the information further.
Application The learner finds a practical use for in particular and concrete situationsthe content. Upon completion of acitivites and assessments, students will be able to apply the information in real life settings when encountering any of 
Analysis The learner can break down parts and see how they work together. The students can easily identify the different sections of the selected content and begin to understand the relationship among the various aspects of life.
Synthesis The learner puts together elements or parts to form a whole. In order to succeed on each given assessment, the student will have to make connection to all knowledge obtained.
Evaluation The learner makes judgments about the value of the material or methods for a given purpose The students will be able to complete the given activities and see the purpoe when the website content (animals, cactus, reptiles) are encounterd outside of the classroom environment