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Learning Theories

As teachers, we need to remember that all of our students learn in different ways. We know that Gardner’s Theory of Multiple-Intelligences covers 7 intelligence types: linguistic (words and language), logical-mathematical (logic and numbers), musical (music, sound, rhythm), bodily-kinesthetic (body movement control), spatial-visual (images and space), interpersonal (other people’s feelings), and intrapersonal (self-awareness). I have tried to comprise as many of these intelligences as possible in my text, video, and activity. Hopefully, the rhyming text that introduces each reptile will appeal to all students, but particularly those who learn musically. The activity, ‘Desert Walk’ and presentations should be appealing to most learning types as there must be a written portion as well as a crafted portion.

The use of Bloom’s Taxonomy is embedded within this lesson plan as shown on the chart below:

Bloom's Taxonomy

Explanation of Term

How it is represented in this Lesson Plan and Activity


The learner must recall information.

Applied in the presentation and in the assessment.


The learner understands what is being communicated so that he could explain it to someone.

This is also applied in the ‘Desert Walk’.


The learner finds a practical use for in particular and concrete situations

The activity helps the student to utilize application.


The learner can break down parts and see how they work together.

The diorama activity is a great way for the student to organize this.


The learner puts together elements or parts to form a whole.

This is also covered when the student constructs his/her diorama.


The learner makes judgments about the value of the material or methods for a given purpose.

This is represented throughout the lesson, but especially during the activity.

The constructivist theory is also rooted throughout this lesson. The use of technology and exploration will give value and meaning to the lesson. The lesson and activity fosters engaging learning experiences and will capture the student’s interest and imagination. When a student is challenged in an exciting manner it paves the way for knowledge and understanding to occur.
Please take a moment and review these content pages: Desert Iguana, Western Diamondback Rattlesnake, Southwestern Speckled Rattlesnake