Learning Theory

Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy:
    Benjamin Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Domains were revised in the 1990s by his former student, Lorin Anderson. The new domains are believed to be more accurate than the original domains. The six new domains include: Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating.

New DomainOld DomainDefinitionConnection to Website
RememberingKnowledgeRecalling information that has already been learnedEach content page has a short assessment at the end, requiring students to remember what they learned about that subject
UnderstandingComprehensionComprehending the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of a concept enough to state it in one's own wordsEach content page has activities, geared toward different ages, that help students think about the subject in a way that will best help them understand
ApplyingApplicationUsing a learned concept in the real worldMany of the lesson plans require students to identify the subject from each content page in nature
AnalyzingAnalysisUnderstanding all the parts of a concept and distinguishing between facts and inferencesEach content page is divided into parts so that students may understand the whole subject
EvaluatingEvaluationJudging the value of a conceptIt is important for students to know that the subject from each content page is important because it describes a part of their local environment
CreatingSynthesisPutting parts of a concept together to create a new structureStudents will use the activities from each content page to put together the parts of the subject


Constructivism:
    The Constructivist Model is an effective way to introduce technology in the classroom. It allows students to construct their own learning by exploring the material on their own. A constructivist classroom should include the following characteristics: learner centered, interesting, real life, social, active, time, feedback, and supportive.

    Connection to Website: Students in kindergarten-3rd grade have the opportunity to explore the Sonoran Desert Explorers website on their own as well as with an adult or with an older student. Many of the lesson plans included on this website allow students to go outside and see the real-life connections between nature and this website. The activities are meant to be interesting, engaging, and challenging while not being too difficult that students cannot complete them independently.

Multiple Intelligence:
    Howard Gardner’s Theory of Multiple Intelligence states that all individuals have nine intelligences. These intelligences include: Visual/Spatial, Verbal/Linguistic, Mathematical/Logical, Bodily/Kinesthetic, Musical/Rhythmic, Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Naturalist, and Existential.

IntelligenceDefinitionConnection to Website
Visual/SpatialMust see concept to understandEach content page has pictures of the subject
Verbal/LinguisticUses spoken or written words to understand conceptEach content page has a video talking about the subject as well as text describing it
Mathematical/LogicalUses reasoning and problem solving to understand conceptEach content page has a short assessment at the end, requiring students to think about the subject
Bodily/KinestheticMust have interaction or experience with concept to understandMany lesson plans require students to go out and identify the subjects in nature
Musical/RythmicUses patterns, rhythms, and music to understand concept 
IntrapersonalUnderstands concept through feelings, values, and attitudes Students are learning about their own environment and making personal connections with subjects
InterpersonalUnderstands concept through interaction with others in collaboration and cooperationStudents work together to understand subjects
NaturalistUses classification, categories, and hierarchies to understand concept, much like in study of nature Content pages are categorized by type, subjects are classified by many different aspects, many lesson plans require students to go out and identify the subjects in nature
ExistentialLooks at "big picture", needs to see real-life applications to understand concept Students are learning about their own environment and how they relate to the subjects

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