Research Focus

Broadly trained in Paleolithic Archaeology and African Prehistory, my research interests encompass Human Origin and Dispersal, Coastal Archaeology, Lithic Technology (Early - Late Stone Age Industries), and Geoarchaeology. The main thrust of my current research agenda is human adaptation  to shoreline environments (coastal and lacustrine settings) in prehistoric context. I find shoreline environments fascinating because they served as stable refugia and important conduits for early human dispersal out of Africa, and as entry points into many continental territories, such as Australia and the Americas.. Some of the anthropological issues that my shoreline research strives to address include: 

  •  What kinds of economic adaptations emerge in shoreline habitats?
  •  What are the unique opportunities shoreline habitats can offer to humans  that terrestrial areas cannot offer?
  • What kinds of social networks do people build to exploit these opportunities and challenges?
My work so far has allowed me to shed some light on Pleistocene and Early Holocene human shoreline adaptations in four parts of prehistoric northeast Africa: Coastal Eritrea, the shorelines of Lake Turkana (northern Kenya), the Kilwa Basin (Indian Ocean Coast of Tanzania), and the Red Sea coast of the Sudan. Click here to read about  my past and current research activities.